Ruse is the most significant Bulgarian river port, serving an important part of the international trade of the country. It is a lively town with a rich and varied history, beautiful grand square enlivened by cafés and 20th-century architecture. In the vicinity, Roman emperor Vespasian built Sexaginta Prista, or the Port of the Sixty Ships, one of a series of military strongholds throughout Bulgaria. Later Justinian reinforced the city, but that ultimately proved insufficient since it was eventually destroyed by barbarians. Ruse remained sidelined, until the 14th century when the Ottomans re-obliterated it. After the Liberation it was considered to be the most beautiful town in Bulgaria. Ruse is good base for visiting the amazing Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo or The medieval town of Cherven.

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